The date of birth of Prophet Jesus, like that of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon them both) was unknown and it was chosen to match the Saturnalia, the festival of the harvest dedicated to the Roman god of the harvest, Saturn. Christians did not celebrate the birth of Christ for the first 3 centuries after Jesus’ departure because birthday celebration was a known pagan practice. Similarly, Muslims did not celebrate Prophet Muhammad’s birthday until 4 centuries after his death. The practice was started on a state scale by the Fatimid Shi’ite caliphate in Egypt and the date of the Prophet’s death was chosen for the celebration.
The Mawlid (Annual celebration of Prophet Muhammads peace be upon hims birth date) is haram, in Islam
It is unanimously agreed by all scholars without exception that the act of celebrating the mawlid is a bidah (innovation) that was never found amongst the first three generations, the Righteous Salaf. This is agreed upon even by those who favour it or incline towards it and defend it. Those who speak in its favour – after agreement about its innovatory nature – have nothing but weak arguments and invalid analogies squarely contradicted by their strong encouragements and enticements to strictly follow the Sunnah and the way of the Salaf. We shall investigate the bidah of the mawlid in detail in this section inshaa’Allaah and establish that it was innovated by the Batini Isma’ili Ubaydees (wrongly referred to as Fatimids) who took rule over Egypt in the fourth century hijrah.
Reference: Fataawa Noor ‘alad-Darb – Question No.6346, Pages 180-181, Volume 12
Question: I am asking about the congregational supplication after the prayer, where the imaam supplicates and the rest [of the congregation] respond [by saying] ‘aameen’. [Does Allaah] respond to the supplication done in this manner? Continue reading
النيروز معرب كلمہ ہے يعنى يہ عربى كلمہ نہيں بلكہ دوسرى زبان سے ليا گيا ہے، اور يہ فارسى زبان كا كلمہ ہے جو نوروز سے ماخوذ ہے جس كا معنى نيا دن ہے، اور يہ فارسيوں كے تہواروں ميں سے ايك تہوار اور جشن ہے، بلكہ يہ ان كے عظيم جشن ميں شامل ہوتا ہے، كہا جاتا ہے كہ اس جشن كو سب سے پہلے منانے والا شخص فارسيوں كے قديم بادشاہوں ميں” جمشيد ” نامى شخص ہے اور اسے ” جمشاد ” ميں كہا جاتا ہے. Continue reading
Praise be to Allaah.
It says in Fatawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah :
Making du’aa’ after the obligatory prayers is not Sunnah if it is done by raising the hands, whether that is done by the imam alone or a member of the congregation alone, or it is done by them both together. Rather that is bid’ah, because it was not narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did that. With regard to making du’aa’ without doing that (raising the hands etc.), there is nothing wrong with it, because there are some ahaadeeth concerning that.
Praise be to Allah
There is nothing in the Qur’aan to say that we should celebrate the Mawlid or birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The Prophet himself (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not do this or command anyone to do it, either during his lifetime or after his death. Indeed, he told them not to exaggerate about him as the Christians had exaggerated about Jesus (upon whom be peace). He said: “Do not exaggerate about me as the Christians exaggerated about the son of Maryam. I am only a slave, so say, ‘The slave of Allaah and His Messenger.’” (Reported by al-Bukhaari). What has been reported is that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made the day of his birth a day of worship, which is different to celebration. He was asked about fasting on Mondays, and he said: “That is the day on which I was born and the day on which I was entrusted with the Mission or when I was first given Revelation.” (Reported by Muslim, al-Nisaa’i and Abu Dawood).
Moreover, we know that the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were the people who loved the Prophet most. Was it reported that Abu Bakr, who was the closest of people to him and the one who loved him the most, celebrated the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? Was it reported that ‘Umar, who ruled for twelve years, or ‘Uthmaan, did this? Was it reported that ‘Ali, his relative and foster son, did this? Was it reported that any of the Sahaabah did this? No, by Allaah! Is it because they were not aware of its importance, or did they not truly love the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? No one would say such a thing except one who has gone astray and is leading others astray.